Few countries indeed beside India have such a rich diversity and an unbroken heritage of jewelry design and techniques. The sub-continent is a region of historic trade routes, tribal cultures and vast empires, and currently a huge federation composed of 29 states and 7 union territories, mainly linguistically and ethnically based, with over a billion […]


 Turkmenistan, till 1991 part of the Soviet Union, has been at the crossroads of civilizations for centuries and visited by many travelers of the legendary Silk Route. In the Arab world there is no great jewelry collection that can be compared with those of the Turkoman region. These have been preserved and eagerly sought by [...]


According to the book Enchanted Jewelry of Egypt the word Zār is the past tense of the Arabic verb ‘to visit’. While the Zār predates Islam and hearkens back to a time when pan-African society was culturally quite similar, it has been successfully integrated into Islamic civilization, and most lyrics are about God and the Prophet. Rites are performed [...]


 Egypt's rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, having endured, and at times assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European. Although Christianised in the 1st century it was subsequently Islamised in the 7th century. Therefore it may not be surprising that Graeco-Roman, early Byzantine traditions remained [...]